About congenital heart defects
It can be scary to find out that your child has a congenital heart. But these are relatively common, affecting approximately 1 in every 100 newborns in the United States. Advances in medical knowledge and diagnostic techniques can provide very detailed information regarding structural heart defects.
Birth defects (present at birth) usually are treated with surgery and angioplasty procedures, and sometimes medication. The approach of combining the use of surgery, the most common catheter. Thanks to advances in cardiac surgery and Interventional catheterization, almost every form of congenital heart disease can be treated with the expectation to reach good results.
Cardiac surgery and heart disease kathitirizishnz now on younger children, in fact, it is common for them to accomplish during feeding or even the newborn period, which has many advantages.
Although nothing can guarantee 100% certainty, you can enjoy the most children with heart problems the future happy and healthy.
What are the causes of congenital heart defects?
The human heart begins to form as a tubular structure one in about the fourth week of pregnancy. In week eight, this pipe will gradually increase in length, twisting end over itself. Growing wall or barrier, splitting the top (Kharijites) and lower (ventricle) Chambers in the left and right sides. Put Four valves made of tissue, which keep the blood move through the circuits heart and lungs, and the body as the heart pumps.
Multiple genetic and environmental factors interact to change the status of the heart during the early stages of fetal development (first eight to nine weeks during pregnancy). Known at times, because of a congenital heart defect. Some environmental exposure during the first trimester of pregnancy may cause structural malformations (including medications, anticonvulsants like phenytoin salts, isotretinoin Medicine Dermatology, or lithium manikdibrisivi disease).
Uncontrolled diabetes or alcohol or drug abuse, or exposure to industrial chemicals during pregnancy can also increase the risk of congenital heart defects. Some of the extra chromosome abnormalities, there or missing chromosome (or part of a chromosome) associated with congenital heart disease. But most of the time, unknown to the specific cause of congenital heart disease.
Over the past 25 years, developments in ultrasound imaging techniques to sophisticated tools such as echocardiography fetus, making it possible for many congenital heart defects as soon as 12 to 20 week of pregnancy can be diagnosed. This film has many parents reassured to have that heart in their baby is normal. For others, have offered a chance to see long before birth there is deformation. This gives the family and doctors the ability to make informed decisions about the best treatment options.